During the years 1880-1925, the essential part of a team is its center-forward who is the tip of an education that included five forwards, three midfielders and two defenders. The attackers must be powerful because the offside is served if fewer than three players are between the opponent's goal line and he who receives a pass. The transition from three to two players for offside changing radically the game is going to 4700 goals per season in the two divisions of English league in 6373 as the entry into force of this amendment. The coach Herbert Chapman is developing an innovative tactic, known as "WM", that is to say three defenders, two circles, two interstitial (midfielders) and three attackers. The four players from midfield up the magic square, marking the rise of an attacking midfielder (or international) whose role is to feed the front-center balls.
The WM reigns supreme until 1953 and the famous English defeat at home against the Hungarians, who are already changing as 4-2-4. Before the triumph of 4-2-4, 4-3-3 and 4-4-2 other, Swiss, French and Italians develop tactics based on the defense: the "Swiss lock" (or "lock Rappani "named player-coach Austrian Karl Rappani which sets up the system at Servette Geneva in 1932), the" concrete "(initiated by Robert Accard the early 1930s at the Stade French  and practiced including Charleville in 1936) and the "Catenaccio. These tactics include refined after the Second World War by Helenio Herrera and declined in many countries, giving rise to such "Riegel" in Germany. The main innovation of this device tactic is the creation of the position of libero or sweeper named concreters originally. He stands behind the defensive line, usually three and four players, and the task of closing the gaps.
In 1958, the Brazilian team won its first World Cup based on an effective and unconventional tactics in a 4-2-4 arrangement. It is a form of compromise between the offensive and defensive strategies. New tactical evolution of the Brazilians in 1962, with a 4-3-3 system, where the left winger, Mario Zagallo, is converted into a midfielder. These tactics are found rather offensive but the punishment facing very rigorous training, such as Inter Milan in Europe or South America Peñarol. Germany fails too few World Cups in 1966 and 1970 while practicing a strict concrete.
The tactic is not available without animation speed of the game is a role here. On the principle of passing Bill Shankly at Liverpool FC and FC Nantes José Arribas (game at Nantes) develop a very fast game animation in the early 1960s, generating the inevitable errors. These must be compensated by a collective welded does not reluctant to perform tasks defensive or offensive, depending on the needs of the team. This is the "total football" advocated by Rinus Michels at Ajax Amsterdam in the early 1970s.
By convention, we assign a physical style of football in Northern Europe and a more technical style to the Latins. It's a cliche, but this almost philosophical opposition between realism and spectacle lasting mark on policy debates. Thus, the game at the Stade de Reims developed in the late 1940s and enchants French and European crowds until the late 1950s, is accused of "Latin" because it focuses on technique and the passing game . Gabriel Hanot hated the "little game" of Reims preferring a game more physical, "the British". The French press tear in the debates until the early 1970s. France Football Team and were supporters of effectiveness; Mirror defended football football show.
The modern game is more realistic based primarily on a solid defensive foundation. We are witnessing the development of devices 5-3-2, 4-5-1 and 5-4-1 with players corridors replacing wingers of yesteryear.