There were ball games and clubs since antiquity. Under the Roman Empire, a game was to send a leather ball to a specific purpose panagica called, but there is no evidence that he used a stick to get there. Later in England, the game was Cambuci to hit a wooden ball with a cane and made reference to the Roman game. In the Middle Ages, many games across Europe co-exist where you tapped a ball toward the poles or iron rings with a side game mail (or palemail, pall mall ...), game of French origin incorporated in Italy and England, another game where you tapped the ball with a stick, practiced in the Netherlands, France and England under various names (Colva, Colven , kolven ...). Finally a game somewhat similar to golf was first mentioned in the Dongxuan Records (in Chinese,), a Chinese book of the eleventh century, under the name of Chuiwan in China.
The true origin of modern golf from Holland. In 1297 in Loenen aan de Vecht, during a commemoration, a game is played colf known where they were to hit a ball and send it to a specific purpose. A few years later, in 1360 the authorities in Brussels stand fines to people practicing this game (since there is still no route, people will play whatever the location) before enacting a law allowing the game outside the boundaries of the City. The first mention of the term (and the fairway) occurs in 1483 in Haarlem (Netherlands) with mowing grass in meadows. Until the seventeenth century, the game has been increasingly successful in Holland before abruptly disappearing due to development of indoor games and society, but also because the dress style became more sophisticated, making it difficult to practice this game.
Finally in Scotland that golf as we know it now appears. Due to thriving trade flows in the North Sea during the Middle Ages and the post modern golf is imported by sailors Netherlands Scotland with the necessary equipment (balls, clubs made in Holland). However, golf is only established on the east coast of Scotland (first term in the West in 1848), and was long confined on that side since the seventeenth century when many documents are evidence of its existence (Treaty Glasgow in 1501). Gradually, golf, mainly practiced in its original Freemasons, starts its expansion with the leading manufacturer of clubs in St. Andrews in 1627 and several courses (Bruntsfield, considered the first true golf course in Scotland, Musselburgh and Perth). Note that the first round of St Andrews has 22 holes before being cut to length for construction of houses to have only 18 holes in total. In 1744, the Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers prepare a ten game rules but ten years later that the first official rules are developed by the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews, who enacts the total of thirteen rules (which have not changed since, except for precision and incorporation of other rules).