As early as 1398 BC, was shaped at the site of a four-columned Temple of Artemis future home for a supposedly fallen from heaven female idol. For about 560/550 BC the house after repeated destruction and several extensions increased to a giant temple. After the end of the Persian wars of the temple around 440 BC by Demetrius the Ephesians and Paionios was finished completely, so that was a total of 120 years working on it.
In the year 356 BC was the ceremonial site by Hero Stratos, an obscure Ephesian with the morbid celebrity ambition to learn burned completely. After all, was the ancient sacred image of the goddess Artemis will be saved. That the Ephesians was obviously the lift, the heavenly gods image now build even more new temple building. The new temple is much more magnificent than its predecessor and later classified under the seven wonders of the world.
The Ephesian architect Cheirokrates took the design, the Organistion and the reconstruction in practice. The collapsed in the rubble mass was used as the new temple base. The thus partially filled core was solid and balanced by a solid shell construction with Marmorverbrämung to a podium with an area of 125.67 x 65.05 m and extended 2 m height. On the new floor surface, a temple building was constructed, which should be equivalent to the plan and the column setup as closely as possible the destroyed. A total of 127 pillars, each found at least 18 m higher.
Under the reign of the Roman Kingdom of Ephesus (since 133 AD) was the Greek Artemis, the Roman Diana. After the looting and pillaging to Gotenzeit (262/263 AD) and the total destruction under Constantine the Great, after the Seljuk Turks and Osmano-time (13th and 15th century), the remains disappeared in more and more rising swamp.