The Colosseum in Rome, Italy
The Colosseum in Rome was in ancient times a big favorite for the Seven Wonders of the World. There is an amphitheater, which was completed in 79 AD and was in ancient times, the greatest single building which was built by the Romans. When we speak of the Colosseum, the topic is usually not the unique architecture and sophisticated technology, but the chariot races, gladiator fights and other cruel spectacles in which often people and animals were killed. It is therefore a synonym for the Roman model of politics "bread and circuses" has become.
The Colosseum could seat 50,000 spectators and the seating was divided according to status and prestige. A masterpiece introduced the sophisticated stage technology. The Colosseum had a double floor with trap doors and elevators from which sets and the appearance of animals and humans have been conjured up out of nowhere. At the opening of the Colosseum a sea battle has been performed in which the floor of the arena was flooded with water. The original name was Flavian Amphitheater and it was not subsequently called Colosseum because of its size, but due to a very great statue of the Emperor Nero, who was standing next to the arena. The Chritianisierung of the Roman people were rejected and the bloody battles around 520 is the last great spectacle of the Colosseum have been listed. By earthquakes in the 9th and 14th century the Colosseum was damaged to the extent that the use was ruled out for performances. The Colosseum was the precursor to the modern sports arenas, as they are still built for popular sports.
Location: Rome, Italy
Construction time: Inauguration 79 AD
Client: Emperor Vespasian
Size: Size (oval): 156 x 186 meters Height: 48 meters