The Taj Mahal monument in Agra, India from the Arabian Nights
The Taj Mahal is considered the most beautiful creation of Muslim architecture in India. The great mausoleum was the fifth Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife, the Persian princess Arjuman Bano Begum, who also was called Mumtaz Mahal built. She had a great influence on his life and died in his politics and in 1631 at the birth of the fourteenth child at the age of 39. On her deathbed she wished with her husband, a tomb, as the world has seen before ever. In response, the Mughal emperor built the Taj Mahal, which appears as sprung from a fairy tale or a dream.
The correct name of the Taj Mahal is not known. Translated, the name Crown Palace or crown of the palace and it is assumed that as the princess was also called. The Taj was built in time from 1631 to about 1648th Although the exact year of completion is not known to show different sources earlier years, 2004 in Agra has been officially carried out by the state government of Uttar Pradesh, the 350 year anniversary. Due to severe environmental pollution has started to slightly yellow color of the marble to accept what all since the beginning of 2007 car and bus traffic was banned within a radius of two kilometers. Tourists will now be related to horse-drawn carriages and battery-powered vehicles to the Taj Mahal.
About 20,000 workers were contracted to build the Taj Mahal, on a 100 x 100-foot platform that was like the Taj Mahal, built of marble. Even the Taj Mahal itself consists of a very great part of marble. The central dome is 57 meters high. The material for the construction was brought from all over Asia with over 1,000 elephants to Agra on the Yamuna River. In the marble are 28 different types of precious and semi-precious stones such as jade, lapis lazuli, sapphires and diamonds, have been inserted, and almost every surface was decorated in some way. The Taj Mahal is completely surrounded by a wall and on the sides there is a mosque, a guesthouse, opposite the Taj Mahal, the entrance building. In front of the Taj Mahal is a great garden with a small lake in the broader, reflecting the white marble. The Taj Mahal is still a great symbol of love and passion.
Location: Agra, India
Construction period: 1631-1648 (1654?)
Client: Mughal emperor Shah Jahan
Size: Size 100 high x 100 meters and 57 meters