Friday, May 11, 2012
Are listed ancient history of Guam and its rich cultural heritage in 118 pages the U.S. record of archaeological and historical sites, and found 155 in place in the record of Guam. And many sites are linked to the Chamorro culture and mythology, and others in terms of historical events. They are scattered all over the island.
Fort Nuestra Senora de la Soledad
The Nuestra Senora Fort de la Soledad is one of the past, by the Spaniards in the 19 century, which was built to help the Galleon trade. From his position on the slope of view was impressive to the Gulf. In 1995 the castle was restored to the defender on his return to the Pacific Ocean, even when it is in the historic arrival of Magellan in 1521.
Japanese forces occupied Guam 1941-1944. This period saw the atrocities and hardship for lapopulation Guam. Concentration camps that were created chomorros Japanese and executed many of them. The effects of Japanese occupation are still visible, including the location of the cannons and tunnels.
It took a lot of bomb attacks on freedom in Guam. And killing of thousands of Japanese and Chamorro and completely destroyed the city of Hagatna. 21 ended in July 1944, U.S. troops on the beaches of Asan and Agat. In three weeks of fighting, followed by Japan and the United States 18 000 died before they win again vicoire America and manages the island.
Due to its strategic location in the western Pacific, Guam is still ultimately the United States until the end of World War II. May 30, 1946, the government used the U.S. Navy again. President Harry Truman signed the Constitution in 1949 to make the territory of Guam listed in the United States. Then the island has the financial support and the population becomes a U.S. citizen. Guam is still one behind the position of the U.S. military.
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This event led to a war that will see the virtual extinction of the Chamorro. Agat, Vienna, Hagatna, Bago and Umatac: the population was reduced from 200,000 in 5000 and forced to live in nearly five villages. And led by priests and the army, and was to follow the daily worship, and to learn the Spanish language. Filipino and Spanish soldiers on the island, and the Chamorro race Metissa find a final solution. The effects of the presence of Spanish now find themselves in buildings, bridges, castles and churches all over the island.
From 1898 to 1941, the U.S. was a period in Guam. Was ceded the island to the United States under the Treaty of Paris which took place at the end of Spanish-American War. Under Musharraf, marine station, there was improvement in agriculture, planning and education in the region and public health. Guam has a base of contacts and supplies for the U.S. Navy until 1941. At that time the island fell to the Japanese who attacked Pearl Harbor.
In 1565, Spain finally included Guam and other islands of the Mariana Islands and in 1668, and Jesuit missionaries landed with a fixed focus, to establish the culture and worship in Europe. Chamorro education to cultivate corn, and build castles, and that hide their skin dark and adopted the western style of dress. From that time when she was well-established Christianity, and the Catholic Church was the focus of activities in the villages. Guam also crossed an important port of call for Spanish Galleon in the Pacific Ocean from Mexico to the Philippines.
In 1672 became a Jesuit priest and his aides of President Tomhom Mata'Pang Philippine (Tumon) to try to baptize his daughter was killed in an early age without her consent.